Evid Based Nurs 4:109 doi:10.1136/ebn.4.4.109
  • Treatment

Parent training improved maternal wellbeing and reduced attention deficit hyperactivity disorder symptoms in children

 QUESTION: In 3 year old children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), how effective are parent based therapies?


Randomised {allocation concealed}*, blinded (outcome assessors), controlled trial with 23 weeks of follow up.


Community based study in the UK.


78 three year old children (62% boys) who met the validated cut off for ADHD on the Parental Account of Childhood Symptoms (PACS) ADHD/Hyperkinesis scale and whose parents reported that the child's condition warranted treatment. Exclusion criteria were serious mental illness or learning disability in a parent or a previous diagnosis of a mental health condition. 7 children withdrew but were included in the analysis.


30 children were assigned to parent training (PT), 28 to parent counselling and support (PCS), and 20 to a waiting list control group. …

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