|Outcomes||Intervention||Control||p Value||Adjusted odds ratio (95% CI)|
|*Adjusted for birth weight and number of other children in household.|
|†Adjusted for family atopic history.|
|‡Adjusted for birth weight, maternal age, and previous breastfeeding history.|
|≥1 gastrointestinal tract infection||9%||13%||—||0.60 (0.40 to 0.91)*|
|Atopic eczema||3%||6%||—||0.54 (0.31 to 0.95)†|
|Any breast feeding at12 months||20%||11%||—||0.47 (0.32 to 0.69)‡|
|Exclusive breast feeding at 6 months||8%||0.6%||p=0.01||—|
|Predominant breast feeding at 6 months||11%||2%||p=0.003||—|
A breastfeeding intervention increased breast feeding and reduced GI tract infections and atopic eczema
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