Evid Based Nurs 4:106 doi:10.1136/ebn.4.4.106
  • Treatment

A breastfeeding intervention increased breast feeding and reduced GI tract infections and atopic eczema

Experimental intervention based on the Baby Friendly Health Initiative v control to promote breast feeding

Outcomes Intervention Control p Value Adjusted odds ratio (95% CI)
*Adjusted for birth weight and number of other children in household.
†Adjusted for family atopic history.
‡Adjusted for birth weight, maternal age, and previous breastfeeding history.
≥1 gastrointestinal tract infection 9% 13% 0.60 (0.40 to 0.91)*
Atopic eczema 3% 6% 0.54 (0.31 to 0.95)†
Any breast feeding at12 months 20% 11% 0.47 (0.32 to 0.69)‡
Exclusive breast feeding at 6 months 8% 0.6% p=0.01
Predominant breast feeding at 6 months 11% 2% p=0.003

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