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Evid Based Nurs 4:85 doi:10.1136/ebn.4.3.85
  • Treatment

Review: computer generated targeted and tailored interventions are modestly effective for improving patient health behaviour

Computer generated targeted (TR) and tailored (TL) interventions showing significantly improved patient health behaviours*

Delivery devices Interventions Type/Model Improved outcomes
*HBM = health belief model; SC = stages of change; SCT = social cognitive theory; TPB = theory of planned behaviour.
Computer system Weekly modem transmission of glucometre results TR Reduced blood glucose concentrations
Computer aided instruction TL Increased dietetic knowledge
Automated telephone Weekly telephone transmission of glucometre results TR Reduced blood glucose concentrations
Automated telephone reminder TR/HBM Higher immunisation rates
Print Letter and postcard reminders TR/HBM Higher immunisation rates
Nutrition information packet TL/HBM, SC Reduced total fat and saturated fat intakes
Letter TL/HBM, SC Higher quit rates among moderate to light smokers
Nutrition information TL/SCT, TPB Reduced fat intake
Enhanced health risk assessment TL/HBM, SC Reduced cholesterol, fat intake; increased activity
Information on outcomes of quitting and self efficacy TL/SC More 24 hour quit attempts
Motivational reports TR/HBM, SC Increased physical activity
Bulletins TL/SC Increased fruit/vegetable intake

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