Evid Based Nurs 4:83 doi:10.1136/ebn.4.3.83
  • Treatment

Review: oral melatonin reduces jet lag in air travellers

 QUESTION: In people who travel by air across several time zones, can oral melatonin prevent or treat jet lag?

Data sources

Studies were identified by searching the Cochrane Controlled Trials Register, Medline, EMBASE/Excerpta Medica, and PsycLIT with the terms melatonin, jet-lag, jet lag, aviation, air travel, and airtravel. SciSearch was also accessed, 2 journals (Aviation, Space and Environmental Medicine and Sleep from 1986–99) were hand searched, bibliographies of relevant studies were scanned, and authors of studies were contacted to identify further studies. Data and case reports of adverse effects of melatonin were also sought.

Study selection

Randomised controlled trials were selected if airline passengers, airline staff, or military personnel were studied; oral melatonin was compared with placebo or other medication; drugs were taken before, during, after, or a combination of times related to travel; and outcome data were provided.

Data extraction

Data were extracted on study quality and participants, timing and dose of melatonin and other study medications, flight information, and …

No Related Web Pages

Free Sample

This recent issue is free to all users to allow everyone the opportunity to see the full scope and typical content of EBN.
View free sample issue >>

EBN Journal Chat

The EBN Journal Chat offers readers the opportunity to participate in discussion about research articles and commentaries from Evidence Based Nursing (EBN).

How to participate >>

Don't forget to sign up for content alerts so you keep up to date with all the articles as they are published.

Navigate This Article