Review: home visitation by nurses beginning prenatally and extending through infancy prevents child abuse and neglect
QUESTION: Are interventions aimed at preventing child maltreatment effective?
Studies were identified by searching Medline, HealthSTAR, PsycINFO, ERIC, and Current Contents for the years 1993–9 using the content terms child abuse, child neglect, battered child syndrome, incest, prevention and control, and screening combined with the methodological terms statistics and numerical data, aetiology, epidemiology, experimental design, meta-analysis, and literature review. Experts in the field were also consulted.
Studies were selected if they were original research articles, reviews, meta-analyses, or practice guidelines that described interventions to prevent child maltreatment.
The lead author critically appraised the key articles and extracted data on preventive strategies and outcomes. A panel of experts used a consensus process to analyse and discuss the data, and to grade the level of evidence and strength of recommendations according to the established methods of the Canadian Task Force on Preventive Health Care.
3 studies that assessed screening …