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Evid Based Nurs 4:74 doi:10.1136/ebn.4.3.74
  • Treatment

A daily physical activity programme increased the rate of weight gain and bone mass in preterm very low birth weight infants


 
 QUESTION: Is a daily physical activity programme effective in increasing body weight and bone mass in preterm very low birthweight infants?

Design

Randomised (unclear allocation concealment), blinded (unclear), controlled trial with a mean follow up of 25 days.

Setting

A newborn intensive care unit in a university hospital in Salt Lake City, Utah, USA.

Patients

32 healthy preterm infants (53% boys) who had birth weights between 800 and 1600 g (mean 1271 g), gestational age between 26 and 32 weeks (mean 30 wks), appropriate body size, were tolerating enteral feedings at ≥110 kcal/kg of body weight/day, and were not on medications other than appropriate vitamin supplements. Follow up was 100%.

Intervention

After stratification by birth weight and gestational age, infants were allocated to the physical activity group (n=16) or the control group (n=16). Infants in the physical activity group received daily range of motion exercises with …

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