|Method of specimen collection||Sensitivity (95% CI)||Specificity (CI)||+LR||−LR|
|*LR = likelihood ratio. Diagnostic terms defined in glossary.|
|All specimens||90% (73 to 98)||82% (76 to 89)||5.07||0.13|
|Catheterised specimens||83% (52 to 98)||86% (75 to 94)||6.04||0.19|
|Midstream specimens||94% (71 to 100)||79% (68 to 88)||4.52||0.07|
A clear urine specimen on visual inspection cannot totally exclude a diagnosis of urinary tract infection
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