Evid Based Nurs 4:26 doi:10.1136/ebn.4.1.26
  • Causation

Urge urinary incontinence was associated with increased risk of falls and non-spinal, non-traumatic fractures in older women

Risk of falls and non-spinal, non-traumatic fractures in women with ≥ weekly urinary incontinence at a mean follow up of 3 years

Outcomes Type of incontinence Odds ratio (95% CI)
Falls Urge 1.26 (1.14 to 1.40)
Stress 1.06 (0.95 to 1.19)*
Relative hazard (CI)
Fractures Urge 1.34 (1.06 to 1.69)
*Not significant.
Stress 0.98 (0.75 to 1.28)*

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