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Evid Based Nurs 3:130 doi:10.1136/ebn.3.4.130
  • Causation

Dietary patterns including fruits, vegetables, whole grains, low fat dairy, and lean meats lowered mortality risk in women

Multivariate relative risks (RRs) of mortality for the highest quartile of Recommended Foods Score (RFS)*

Outcomes at a median of 5.6 years RR (95% CI)
*The reference group was the lowest quartile of RFS. Adjusted for age; race; education level; body mass index; smoking status; alcohol use; energy intake; history of cancer, heart disease, or diabetes; menopausal hormone use; and physical activity.
Death from all causes 0.69 (0.61 to 0.78)
Death from all sites cancer 0.60 (0.49 to 0.74)
Death from coronary artery disease 0.67 (0.47 to 0.95)
Death from stroke 0.58 (0.35 to 0.96)

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