Evid Based Nurs 3:130 doi:10.1136/ebn.3.4.130
  • Causation

Dietary patterns including fruits, vegetables, whole grains, low fat dairy, and lean meats lowered mortality risk in women

 QUESTION: Is overall diet quality associated with mortality in women?


Cohort study of women in the Breast Cancer Detection and Demonstration Project (BCDDP) with a median follow up of 5.6 years.


27 cities in the US.


42 254 women (mean age 61 y, 87% white).

Assessment of risk factors

Women completed a 62 item food frequency questionnaire by post, which collected information on the frequency and portion sizes of foods consumed over the previous year. Overall diet quality was assessed by the Recommended Foods Score (RFS), which was the sum of 23 foods (consumed at least once a week; maximum score 23) that were recommended in current dietary guidelines (fruits, vegetables, whole grains, low fat dairy, lean meats, and poultry). For analysis, women were divided into quartiles …

Free Sample

This recent issue is free to all users to allow everyone the opportunity to see the full scope and typical content of EBN.
View free sample issue >>

EBN Journal Chat

The EBN Journal Chat offers readers the opportunity to participate in discussion about research articles and commentaries from Evidence Based Nursing (EBN).

How to participate >>

Don't forget to sign up for content alerts so you keep up to date with all the articles as they are published.

Navigate This Article