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Evid Based Nurs 3:119 doi:10.1136/ebn.3.4.119
  • Treatment

A 0.5% chlorhexidine gluconate in 70% isopropyl alcohol swab was more effective than 2 other methods for intravenous skin antisepsis

Comparison of 3 intravenous skin preparation methods on risk of probable catheter related infection at 72 hours after IV catheter removal‡

Comparisons Event rates RRR (95% CI) NNT (CI)
‡CHG = chlorhexidine gluconate. Other abbreviations defined in glossary; RRR, NNT, and CI calculated from data in article.
CHG v alcohol followed by povidone-iodine 1.2% v 12.5% 90% (44 to 98) 9 (5 to 23)
CHG v povidone-iodine followed by alcohol 1.2% v 9.9% 88% (27 to 98) 12 (6 to 48)

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