rss
Evid Based Nurs 3:116 doi:10.1136/ebn.3.4.116
  • Treatment

Cognitive behavioural therapy improved psychiatric symptoms in drug refractory schizophrenia


 
 QUESTION: Is cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) more effective than a befriending intervention for reducing psychiatric symptoms in drug refractory schizophrenia?

Design

Randomised (allocation concealed), blinded (outcome assessors), controlled trial with 9 months of follow up after treatment.

Setting

5 clinical services in the UK (Newcastle, Cleveland, Durham, and 2 in west London).

Patients

90 patients who were 16–60 years of age (mean age 39 y, 59% men, 89% white), met ICD-10 research and DSM-IV criteria for schizophrenia, and had symptoms causing distress or dysfunction for ≥6 months despite adequate doses of antipsychotic drugs. Follow up was 100% for all outcomes except for scores on the Scale for Assessment of Negative Symptoms (SANS), which had 98% follow up.

Intervention

Patients were allocated to CBT (n=46) or befriending (n=44). Both interventions were done by the same experienced nurses. CBT involved attaining a collaborative understanding of the development of symptoms and working towards reducing …

No Related Web Pages

Free Sample

This recent issue is free to all users to allow everyone the opportunity to see the full scope and typical content of EBN.
View free sample issue >>

EBN Journal Chat

The EBN Journal Chat offers readers the opportunity to participate in discussion about research articles and commentaries from Evidence Based Nursing (EBN).

How to participate >>

Don't forget to sign up for content alerts so you keep up to date with all the articles as they are published.

Navigate This Article