|Test||Number of studies||Weighted sensitivity||Weighted specifi city||Weighted +LR*||Weighted –LR*|
|*Likelihood ratios (LRs) defined in Glossary and calculated from data in article.|
|Dipstick, any nitrite only||13||50%||98%||25||0.51|
|Dipstick, any LE† only||7||83%||84%||5||0.2|
|Dipstick, any nitrite or LE†||9||88%||93%||13||0.13|
|Dipstick, both nitrite and LE†||5||72%||96%||18||0.29|
|Gram stain, any organisms||5||93%||95%||19||0.07|
|Enhanced analysis of spun urine||5||67%||79%||3||0.42|
|Enhanced analysis of unspun urine||9||77%||89%||7||0.26|
Review: both Gram stain and urine dipstick analysis were accurate in diagnosing urinary tract infection in children
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