Evid Based Nurs 3:68-70 doi:10.1136/ebn.3.3.68

Data analysis in qualitative research

General distinctions between selected qualitative research approaches: an illustration using breast cancer research

Method Research question Analytic strategy Research product
Grounded theory How do women with breast cancer cope with changes to body image? Constant comparative analysis Theory regarding basic social processes involved in coping with breast cancer and factors that might account for variations
Phenomenology What is the lived experience of having breast cancer? Phenomenological reduction; hermeneutic analysis Description of the essential structure of breast cancer experience
Ethnography How is breast cancer understood and managed in different social contexts? Representation, inscription, translation, and textualisation of culture into writing Typology of interpretations, relations, and variations within breast cancer experience
Narrative analysis How do women with breast cancer come to know their experience? Generating, interpreting, and representing women's stories in narrative form Narrative accounts of women's explanations for their breast cancer experiences

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