Evid Based Nurs 3:58 doi:10.1136/ebn.3.2.58
  • Causation

Review: postmenopausal hormone replacement therapy is associated with a decreased risk of colorectal cancer

Age-adjusted relative risk (RR) of colon and rectal cancer for women who had ever used postmenopausal hormones compared with those who had never used hormones

Type of cancer Number of studies RR (95% CI) Heterogeneity
*Excluding studies that included premenopausal women in the “never used” group. †Significant heterogeneity existed among study results.
Colon 18 0.80 (0.74 to 0.86) p=0.02†
13* 0.76 (0.70 to 0.82) p=0.32
Rectal 10 0.81 (0.72 to 0.92) p=0.03†
7* 0.81 (CI not available) p=0.06†

This Article

Free Sample

This recent issue is free to all users to allow everyone the opportunity to see the full scope and typical content of EBN.
View free sample issue >>

EBN Journal Chat

The EBN Journal Chat offers readers the opportunity to participate in discussion about research articles and commentaries from Evidence Based Nursing (EBN).

How to participate >>

Don't forget to sign up for content alerts so you keep up to date with all the articles as they are published.

Navigate This Article