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Evid Based Nurs 3:44 doi:10.1136/ebn.3.2.44
  • Treatment

A comprehensive educational programme was effective for inner city patients with asthma


 
 QUESTION: Does a comprehensive educational programme improve outpatient follow up and decrease subsequent hospital admissions in inner city patients with acute asthma?

Design

Randomised (allocation concealed), unblinded, controlled trial with 6 months of follow up.

Setting

A university hospital in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.

Patients

77 patients between 18 and 45 years of age (mean age 29 y, 79% women) who were admitted from the emergency department (ED) with acute asthma and who lived in the inner city. Exclusion criteria were comorbid disease, inability to speak English, lack of telephone access, or pregnancy. Follow up was 100%.

Intervention

44 patients were allocated to an educational programme including inpatient asthma education by an asthma nurse specialist, bedside spirometry, discharge planning assistance, a telephone call 24 hours after discharge, and scheduled outpatient follow up within 1 week of discharge (intervention group). 33 …

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