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Evid Based Nurs 3:26 doi:10.1136/ebn.3.1.26
  • Causation

Diastolic blood pressure and weight gain predicted future risk of hypertension

Relative risks (RRs) of developing hypertension by baseline diastolic blood pressure (DBP) and weight gain in men and women at 18 years of follow up

Group Men RR (95% CI) Women RR (CI)
*Not significant.
DBP <75 mm Hg and weight gain <5 kg 1.0 1.0
DBP <75 mm Hg and weight gain 5–10 kg 1.6 (0.6 to 4.8)* 8.2 (1.5 to 45)
DBP <75 mm Hg and weight gain >10 kg 1.1 (0.3 to 3.8)* 12 (2.6 to 57)
DBP 75 to 85 mm Hg and weight gain <5 kg 2.3 (0.9 to 5.7)* 9.2 (1.8 to 47)
DBP 75 to 85 mm Hg and weight gain 5–10 kg 3.0 (1.2 to 7.2) 14 (3.2 to 63)
DBP 75 to 85 mm Hg and weight gain >10 kg 3.8 (1.6 to 8.9) 28 (8.4 to 96)
DBP >85 mm Hg and weight gain <5 kg 6.9 (3.6 to 13) 40 (14 to 111)
DBP >85 mm Hg and weight gain 5–10 kg 7.7 (3.9 to 15) 50 (19 to 132)
DBP >85 mm Hg and weight gain >10 kg 9.1 (4.5 to 17) 52 (20 to 137)

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