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Evid Based Nurs 3:26 doi:10.1136/ebn.3.1.26
  • Causation

Diastolic blood pressure and weight gain predicted future risk of hypertension


 
 QUESTION: Does diastolic blood pressure (BP) or other cardiovascular risk factors predict the future onset of hypertension in people who are not undergoing hypertension treatment at baseline?

Design

Prospective cohort study of men and women in the Nijmegen Cohort Study with 18 years of follow up.

Setting

6 general practices in Nijmegen, the Netherlands.

Participants

2238 men and women between 20 and 50 years of age (mean age 35 y, 52% men, 100% white). Participants who were undergoing hypertension treatment in 1977 were excluded.

Assessment of risk factors

Age, familial cardiovascular risk factors, smoking status, BP, physical activity, body mass index (BMI), serum cholesterol concentrations, socioeconomic class, and history of diabetes were measured at …

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