Evid Based Nurs 3:24 doi:10.1136/ebn.3.1.24
  • Treatment

Behaviour therapies reduced urinary incontinence in older adults who were homebound and cognitively intact

 QUESTION: Do behaviour therapies reduce urinary incontinence in homebound older adults who are cognitively intact?


Randomised (unclear allocation concealment), unblinded, controlled crossover trial.


Southwestern Pennsylvania, USA.


105 adults ≥60 years of age (mean age 77 y, 91% women, 93% white) who had nurse confirmed urinary incontinence (≥2 urinary accidents/wk and incontinence persisting for ≥3 mo), met the Health Care Financing Administration criteria for being homebound, and were cognitively intact (Folstein Mini Mental State Examination score ≥24). Participants had a mean of 8 medical problems and 53% had functional limitations. Participants were identified and referred by homecare nurses. Exclusion criteria were severe pelvic prolapse, terminal illness, post-void residual >100 ml, inability to toilet independently, or inability to provide satisfactory self report of bladder diary …

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