Evid Based Nurs 3:14 doi:10.1136/ebn.3.1.14
  • Treatment

HIV prevention videos increased “condom use self efficacy” and actual condom use

 QUESTIONS: Do HIV prevention videos increase “condom use self efficacy” and actual condom use in college students? Does being in a steady dating relationship influence the effectiveness of the videos?


Randomised, (unclear allocation concealment) unblinded, controlled trial with 3 months of follow up.


A university in the US.


202 college students (50% men, mean age 20 y, 70% white, 53% in a dating relationship for a mean of 11 mo) were recruited by advertisements and received monetary reimbursement for their participation. Follow up was 98%.


Participants were allocated to watch 1 of 3 HIV prevention videos (lasting 42 min) that provided education on communication skills (to increase comfort and facility with discussing condom use), technical skills (to increase comfort with, familiarity, and hedonistic beliefs about condom use), or a combination of communication and technical skills; or a waiting list control group. Participants watched the video alone.

Main outcome measures

Condom …

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