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Evid Based Nurs 3:11 doi:10.1136/ebn.3.1.11
  • Treatment

Parent application of eutectic mixture of local anaesthetics seemed to be as effective as clinician application for reducing children's pain and distress during intravenous insertion

Parent applied (PA) v clinician applied (CA) eutectic mixture of local anaesthetics in younger and older children

Median scores: younger children Median scores: older children
Outcomes PA CA PA CA
Anticipatory behavioural distress rating 1.0 2.0 1.0 1.0
Insertion behavioural distress rating 1.0 2.5 1.5 0.5
Recovery behavioural distress rating 0 1.0 1.0 0
Pain rating 5.0 42.0 8.5 14.0

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