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Evid Based Nurs 2:74 doi:10.1136/ebn.2.3.74
  • Treatment

Review: non-nutritive sucking decreases length of hospital stay in premature infants

Non-nutritive sucking v no provision of non-nutritive sucking for premature infants*

Outcomes Number of studies Number of patients Weighted mean difference 95% CI
*All meta-analyses were based on a fixed effects model. Heterogeneity was significant only for the analysis of heart rate.
†Not significant.
Length of hospital stay 2 87 −7.1 days −12.6 to −1.7
Weight gain 3 103 1.57 g/day −0.37 to 3.5†
Heart rate 4 126 −1.4 beats/minute −5.9 to 3.1†
Oxygen saturation 3 72 1.0% 0.04 to 2.1†

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