Evid Based Nurs 2:54 doi:10.1136/ebn.2.2.54
  • Causation

Chronic stressors increased susceptibility to colds

Odds ratios for developing a cold for participants with chronic stressors lasting ≥3 months compared with those without chronic stressors

Variables Adjusted odds ratios* 95% CI
*Adjusted for control variables.
Chronic stress (CS) 2.9 1.39 to 5.88
CS adjusted for health practices 2.2 1.02 to 4.61
CS adjusted for endocrine and immune markers 2.7 1.26 to 5.70
CS adjusted for personality 2.7 1.30 to 5.60
CS adjusted for social network ties 2.6 1.27 to 5.48

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