Evid Based Nurs 2:49 doi:10.1136/ebn.2.2.49
  • Treatment

A single session of music therapy decreased anxiety and improved relaxation in adults who required mechanical ventilation

 Question Does a single session of music therapy increase relaxation and reduce anxiety in adults who receive mechanical ventilation?


Randomised controlled trial.


4 intensive care units of 3 urban university teaching hospitals in midwestern USA.


54 adults (age range 18–89 y, mean age 57 y, 92% white, 59% women) who were in the intensive care unit and needed mechanical ventilation. Inclusion criteria were being alert and mentally competent, having adequate hearing, speaking English as the primary language, and not receiving continuous intravenous sedation. Follow up was 91%.


All patients were provided with a restful atmosphere for 30 minutes: blinds were closed, lights were dimmed, a “do not disturb” sign was put on the door of each patient's room, and patients were told to relax and to …

Free Sample

This recent issue is free to all users to allow everyone the opportunity to see the full scope and typical content of EBN.
View free sample issue >>

EBN Journal Chat

The EBN Journal Chat offers readers the opportunity to participate in discussion about research articles and commentaries from Evidence Based Nursing (EBN).

How to participate >>

Don't forget to sign up for content alerts so you keep up to date with all the articles as they are published.

Navigate This Article