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A single session of music therapy decreased anxiety and improved relaxation in adults who required mechanical ventilation

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 Question Does a single session of music therapy increase relaxation and reduce anxiety in adults who receive mechanical ventilation?

Design

Randomised controlled trial.

Setting

4 intensive care units of 3 urban university teaching hospitals in midwestern USA.

Patients

54 adults (age range 18–89 y, mean age 57 y, 92% white, 59% women) who were in the intensive care unit and needed mechanical ventilation. Inclusion criteria were being alert and mentally competent, having adequate hearing, speaking English as the primary language, and not receiving continuous intravenous sedation. Follow up was 91%.

Intervention

All patients were provided with a restful atmosphere for 30 minutes: blinds were closed, lights were dimmed, a “do not disturb” sign was put on the door of each patient's room, and patients were told to relax and to …

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