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Review: smoking cessation interventions during pregnancy reduce maternal smoking

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 Question What is the effectiveness of smoking cessation interventions implemented during pregnancy for reducing maternal smoking during pregnancy and for improving newborn outcomes?

Data sources

{Medline was searched using the strategies of the Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group. Medline, PsycLIT, Datastar, Dissertation Abstracts Online, Applied Social Sciences Index and Abstracts, Social Citations Index, and Social Science Citations Index were searched using the strategies of the Cochrane Tobacco Group. Studies were also identified from handsearches of 60 journals, conference proceedings, bulletins, and bibliographies of review articles}*.

Study selection

Randomised and quasi-randomised controlled trials of interventions implemented during pregnancy to increase maternal smoking cessation were selected.

Data extraction

Data were extracted on study design, participants, participation and withdrawal rates, interventions, and outcomes. Methodological quality of studies was assessed.

Main results

40 trials (1975–97) of healthy pregnant women were identified. Interventions took place in hospitals or community antenatal clinics and included information …

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