Evid Based Nurs 2:18 doi:10.1136/ebn.2.1.18
  • Treatment

Review: dietary advice leads to a modest reduction in blood cholesterol concentration

Dietary advice v control for mean percentage change in the blood total cholesterol concentration at up to 5 years follow up

Study group Weighted mean reduction (95% CI)
AHA=American Heart Association.
*Heterogeneity existed among trials.
All studies* 5.7% (5.2 to 6.3)
AHA step 1 diets 3.0% (1.8 to 4.1)
AHA step 2 diets* 5.6% (4.7 to 6.5)
Change in fat ratio diets* 7.6% (6.2 to 9.0)
Reduction in total fat diets 5.8% (3.8 to 7.8)

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