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Systematic review and meta-analysis
Exercise-based fall prevention programmes decrease fall-related injuries
  1. Mark D Grabiner
  1. Department of Kinesiology and Nutrition, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA
  1. Correspondence to : Dr Mark D Grabiner, Department of Kinesiology and Nutrition, University of Illinois at Chicago, 1919 W. Taylor Street, Room 648, Chicago, IL 60614, USA; grabiner{at}uic.edu

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Implications for practice and research

  • Participation in exercise programmes improves physical function and reduces falls in older adults.

  • Reducing the number of falls in older adults reduces the number of fall-related injuries.

  • Increasing the effectiveness of exercise-based fall prevention programmes should seek to define the mechanisms by which exercise derives its effectiveness.

Context

Exercise demonstrably and robustly decreases falls in older adults, generally by about 30%. The systematic review and meta-analysis by El-Khoury and colleagues punctuates the previously published result that exercise significantly reduces fall-related fractures in older adults1 …

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