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Randomised controlled trial
In intensive care and bone marrow transplantation settings, daily bathing with chlorhexidine wash cloths reduces the risk of hospital-acquired infection

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Implications for practice and research

  • Chlorhexidine-impregnated wash cloths have been shown to have some effect on multidrug-resistant acquisition and hospital-acquired blood stream infections in intensive care settings.

  • Further research, including cost-effectiveness, is required to confirm these findings in intensive care units and in other healthcare settings.

Context

Hospital-acquired blood stream infections (BSI) remain as an important cause of morbidity and mortality in intensive care units (ICUs) and other high-risk settings. Incidence rates vary considerably, depending on factors such as patient characteristics, type of invasive procedures, infection control practices, definitions and duration of hospital stay. Recently reported BSI rates in intensive care settings range between 0.28 and 22 per 1000 ICU patient-days1 , …

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