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Systematic review and meta-analysis
Mobile phone-based smoking cessation interventions increase long-term quit rates compared with control programmes, but effects of the interventions are heterogeneous
  1. William Riley1,
  2. Erik M Augustson2
  1. 1 Science of Research and Technology Branch, National Cancer Institute, Rockville, Maryland, USA
  2. 2 Tobacco Control Research Branch, National Cancer Institute, Rockville, Maryland, USA
  1. Correspondence to : William Riley, PhD
    Science of Research and Technology Branch, National Cancer Institute, 6130 Executive Blvd, MSC 7365, Rockville, MD 20852, USA; wiriley{at}mail.nih.gov

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Implications for practice and research

  • Meta-analysis of five studies shows that smoking cessation delivered predominantly via automated text messaging increases quit rates 47–99% compared with minimal intervention.

  • Mobile phone cessation interventions provide quitting tips, social support and motivational messages, tailored to quit stage, multiple times per day at limited cost.

Context

Although healthcare providers are moderately adherent with practice guidelines for asking, advising and assessing tobacco use, adherence to assisting and arranging cessation services remains poor, often due to limited time and training.1 ,2 Referral to quit lines has been an established means for providing these cessation services,3 but the growing ubiquity of mobile phones now provides the opportunity to deliver cessation …

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