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Cross-sectional study
UK survey finds that 69% of a sample of teenage schoolgirls have some degree of iodine deficiency

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Implications for nursing practice and research

  • Nurses need to understand the importance of iodine for normal thyroid physiology.

  • Nurses need to be aware that teenage schoolgirls may have some degree of iodine deficiency and, if this is the case, provide appropriate dietary advice.

  • Further research is needed to test the relationship of urine iodine levels to clinical outcome measures such as thyroid size measured as total goiter prevalence.

  • Future studies should examine at population outcome measures of thyroid function and size.


Iodine is an essential micronutrient for the production of thyroid hormones. In states of low-iodine intake, the …

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