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Cohort study
Racial Disparities in the Incidence of Diabetes in Canada
  1. Terri H Lipman
  1. School of Nursing, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
  1. Correspondence to Terri H Lipman
    School of Nursing, University of Pennsylvania, 418 Curie Blvd, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA; lipman{at}nursing.upenn.edu

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Implications for practice and research

  • Screening for type 2 diabetes may identify those at risk who are at need for intervention.

  • Body mass index (BMI) cutoff points, as a standard screening measure, may differ among racial/ethic grsoups.

  • Future studies should focus on those diabetes risk factors that are most predictive of diabetes across racial/ethnic groups.

Context

Obesity is a major public health concern and affects approximately 30% of adults in the USA1 and as a result, type 2 diabetes in adults is occurring in epidemic proportions. The total number of people with diabetes worldwide is projected to rise from 171 million in 2000 to 366 million in 2030.2

Screening for type 2 diabetes and for diabetes …

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