Efficacy of implementation intentions intervention on prevention of smoking among adolescents
- Nursing College of Porto, Porto, Portugal
- Correspondence to Maria Margarida da Silva Reis dos Santos Ferreira
Escola Superior de Enfermagem do Porto, Rua Doutor António Bernardino de Almeida, 4200-072 Porto, Portugal;
Implications for practice and research
▪ Implementation intention interventions which address the adolescent's intentions for the adoption of a healthy lifestyle are one of the strategies to use to avoid the adoption of risk behaviours and therefore improve their healthy behaviours.
▪ Implementation intention interventions are a strategy to control the consumption of tobacco in adolescence. These interventions should be started early to empower adolescents.
▪ Interventions which aim at health promotion should not be performed in isolation but should be repeated over a period of time.
▪ To prove the viability of randomised controlled trial (RCT, considered the best study design to evaluate the effect of an intervention) with long-time follow-up of studies developed with adolescents.
Nurses are in a unique position to promote the health of adolescents by developing formal and informal health education sessions. These interventions aim to develop the adolescent's personality, the acquisition of knowledge, critical-reflexive capacity, decision-making skills and the capacity of the adolescent to assess their own actions.
Research is essential to obtain gains …