Evid Based Nurs 14:38-39 doi:10.1136/ebn1120
  • Care of the older person
  • Systematic review

Vitamin D reduces the risk of falls in older adults compared with calcium or placebo

  1. Melissa J Benton
  1. Valdosta State University, College of Nursing Valdosta, Georgia, USA
  1. Correspondence to Melissa J Benton
    PhD, RN, CNS, FACSM, Valdosta State University, College of Nursing, 1500 N Patterson Street, Valdosta, GA 31698, USA; mjbenton{at}

Commentary on:

Vitamin D deficiency in older adults has traditionally been of concern in relation to its role in maintaining bone mineral density. The effect of vitamin D on muscle strength and its influence on fall risk and prevention may have been underappreciated. A growing body of literature now focuses on the use of vitamin D for prevention of muscle atrophy, in particular type II muscle fibers that are associated with strength and function. Although by no means conclusive, research has now moved from initial cross-sectional analyses to interventional studies measuring changes in strength and muscle fiber size secondary to supplementation with vitamin D. This …

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