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Review: exercise interventions improve functional and physical performance but not activities of daily living in older adults

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Question

Do exercise interventions improve functional status in older adults?

Review scope

Included studies compared exercise-only interventions that were directly supervised by research staff with no contact or attention-only interventions in adults ⩾65 years of age, included ⩾10 participants/group, randomised individual participants, and reported a measure of functional status. Studies involving exercise interventions for patients with specific diseases or conditions were excluded. Outcomes were direct and indirect measures of functional status, including activities of daily living (ADL), functional performance, and physical performance (chair-rise, walk speed, walk endurance, balance, and coordination).

Review methods

Medline and CINAHL were searched for English-language randomised controlled trials (RCTs) …

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