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Evid Based Nurs 12:88 doi:10.1136/ebn.12.3.88
  • Causation

Vaginal douching increased risk of sexually transmitted infections in high-risk adolescents

QUESTION

Does vaginal douching increase risk of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in high-risk adolescents?

METHODS

Design:

prospective cohort study (substudy of Reaching for Excellence in Adolescent Care and Health [REACH] Project) with median follow-up of 3 years.

Setting:

16 centres in the USA.

Participants:

368 females 12–19 years of age (mean age 17 y, 65% had HIV infection) who were considered to be at high risk of STIs and were STI-free at baseline or became STI-free after treatment.

Risk factor:

douching status (assessed every 6 mo): never (did not report douching at any visit), intermittent (reported douching at some, but not all, visits), or always (reported douching at all visits).

Outcomes:

incidence of an STI (Trichomonas vaginalis, Chlamydia trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, or herpes …

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