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Review: enhanced oral hygiene prevents respiratory infection in elderly people in hospitals and nursing homes

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P Sjögren

Dr P Sjögren, Oral Care AB, Göteborg, Sweden; petteri.sjogren@oralcare.se

QUESTION

Does enhanced oral hygiene prevent respiratory infection in elderly people in hospitals and nursing homes?

REVIEW SCOPE

Included studies evaluated the effect of enhanced oral hygiene care or frequent professional oral care on respiratory infection in elderly people in hospital or living in nursing homes. Outcomes were respiratory infection, pneumonia, and death from pneumonia.

REVIEW METHODS

Medline, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and National Health Service Economic Evaluation Database (to Nov 2007); and reference lists were searched for randomised controlled trials (RCTs) published in English, German, Dutch, or a Nordic language between 1996 and 2007. Studies involving patients with mechanical ventilation or tube feeding were excluded. 3 …

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