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Acupuncture reduced frequency and pain intensity of primary migraine or tension-type headaches

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S N Willich

Dr S N Willich, Charité University Medical Centre, Berlin, Germany; stefan.willich@charite.de

QUESTION

In patients with primary headache, does acupuncture plus routine care improve outcomes more than routine care alone?

METHODS

Design:

randomised controlled trial (Acupuncture in Routine Care study).

Allocation:

concealed.

Blinding:

unblinded.

Follow-up period:

3 and 6 months.

Setting:

primary care setting in Germany.

Patients:

3404 patients ⩾18 years of age (mean age 44 y, 77% women based on 3182 patients) who had primary headache (headaches for >12 mo and ⩾2 headaches/mo). Patients with headache caused by somatic diseases (eg, hypertension, meningioma, or meningoencephalitis) were excluded.

Intervention:

immediate needle acupuncture administered in ⩽15 sessions …

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