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Evid Based Nurs 12:21 doi:10.1136/ebn.12.1.21
  • Treatment

Normal food at will and nil-by-mouth enteral feeding after major upper GI surgery did not differ for mortality or morbidity

Allowing normal food at will v enteral tube feeding after major upper gastrointestinal surgery*
Outcomes at 8 weeks Food at will Enteral tube feeding RRR (95% CI) NNT
Mortality 5.9% 8.4% 29% (−37 to 64) Not significant
Major complications 28% 33% 16% (−11 to 36) Not significant
Difference (CI) p-Value
Time to first flatus (d) 2.6 3.0 −0.4 (−0.7 to −0.2) 0.03
Length of hospital stay (d) 13.5 16.7 −3.2 (−6.3 to −0.1) 0.046
  • *Abbreviations defined in glossary. RRR, NNT, and CI calculated from data in article.

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