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Evid Based Nurs 12:11 doi:10.1136/ebn.12.1.11
  • Treatment

Review: exercise plus diet prevents type 2 diabetes

D Mauricio

Dr D Mauricio, Hospital Universitari Arnau de Vilanova, Lleida, Spain; dmauricio@arnau.scs.es

QUESTION

Do exercise and diet interventions, alone or in combination, prevent type 2 diabetes mellitus?

REVIEW SCOPE

Studies selected compared exercise plus diet or exercise alone with standard recommendations or no intervention, or exercise alone with diet alone, for ⩾6 months and reported incidence of diabetes in people at risk of developing type 2 diabetes. Studies of pharmacological agents were excluded. Outcomes included incidence of type 2 diabetes; glucose tolerance; fasting glucose, cholesterol, and triglyceride concentrations; blood pressure; body weight; body mass index; waist-to-hip ratio; and waist circumference.

REVIEW METHODS

Medline, CINAHL, EMBASE/Excerpta Medica, Cochrane Library (Issue 1, 2008), …

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