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Evid Based Nurs 11:118 doi:10.1136/ebn.11.4.118
  • Treatment

Review: walking aids, chest-wall vibration, and neuroelectrical muscle stimulation relieve breathlessness in COPD

Various interventions v no intervention or placebo for breathlessness in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Intervention Number of trials (n) Effects on breathlessness at 1 day to 1 year*
Acupuncture 2 (62) Improved (1 trial, low-quality evidence)
Acupressure 2 (75) Improved (low-quality evidence)
Distractive auditory stimuli (music) 6 (135) No difference (4 trials)
Relaxation 3 (72) No difference (2 trials)
Walking aids 7 (201) Improved (5 trials)
Chest-wall vibration 4 (51) Improved (3 trials)
Neuroelectrical muscle stimulation 3 (50) Improved
Fan 1 (17) No difference
Counselling 1 (177) No difference
Breathing training 2 (99) Improved (1 trial)
Case management 1 (66) Improved
Psychotherapy 2 (83) Improved (1 trial)
  • *Follow-up based on 18 studies.

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