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Evid Based Nurs 11:114 doi:10.1136/ebn.11.4.114
  • Treatment

Review: some interventions may reduce catheter-related bloodstream infections and colonisation in the ICU

N Graves

Dr N Graves, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia; n.graves@qut.edu.au

QUESTION

How do various interventions compare for reducing catheter-related bloodstream infections (CRBSIs) and colonisation in the intensive care unit (ICU)?

REVIEW SCOPE

Studies selected evaluated short-term (<21 d) non-tunnelled catheters and reported incidence of CRBSI in patients ⩾18 years of age in the ICU. Exclusion criteria included studies evaluating totally implantable or peripherally inserted central venous catheters or haemodialysis catheters, arterial venous catheters, and those conducted in diverse settings. Outcomes were CRBSI and colonisation.

REVIEW METHODS

Medline, CINAHL, EMBASE/Excerpta Medica, Current Contents, Cochrane Library, Health Services Technology, Centre for Disease Control guideline and reports, and 8 other databases were searched (from 1985 to …

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