Evid Based Nurs 11:112 doi:10.1136/ebn.11.4.112
  • Treatment

Review: reflexology improved urinary symptoms in multiple sclerosis but was not effective for other outcomes in various conditions

P-S Tsai

Dr P-S Tsai, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan;


What is the efficacy and safety of reflexology in patients with any condition?


Studies selected compared reflexology with control or other interventions in patients with any condition; reported outcomes of symptom relief, psychological wellbeing, quality of life, or perception of reflexology; and had quality assessment ratings of fair or above according to US Preventive Services Task Force criteria. Excluded studies evaluated combination therapies of reflexology with other interventions, a young age group {ie, <18 y},* <10 participants/group, or provided insufficient information about the principal measures of effect. Outcomes were urinary symptoms, paraesthesia, muscle strength, spasticity, lung function, menopausal symptoms, anxiety, depression, quality of life, …

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