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Dr J Ebbert, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA; email@example.com
Do behavioural and pharmacological interventions promote tobacco cessation in users of smokeless tobacco?
Studies selected compared a behavioural or pharmacological intervention with a control intervention (usual care, placebo, or a less intensive intervention) or a different intervention for promoting tobacco abstinence in adolescent or adult users of smokeless tobacco (tobacco placed in the mouth and not burned, including moist snuff, chewing tobacco, and betel quid). Outcomes were tobacco abstinence ⩾6 months after the intervention began. Preferred outcomes were total tobacco abstinence (rather than abstinence from smokeless tobacco alone), biochemical validation (rather …
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