Evid Based Nurs 11:46 doi:10.1136/ebn.11.2.46
  • Treatment

Review: delayed or immediate antibiotic prescriptions have similar clinical outcomes in respiratory infections

G Spurling

Dr G Spurling, Royal Brisbane Hospital, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia;


What is the relative effectiveness of delayed, immediate, or no antibiotic (AB) prescriptions for acute respiratory infections?


Data sources:

Medline (1966 to January 2007), EMBASE/Excerpta Medica (1990–2007), Cochrane Library (Issue 4, 2006), Current Contents–ISI Web of Knowledge (1998 to January 2007), and reference lists.

Study selection and assessment:

randomised controlled trials (RCTs) that compared prescriptions of delayed ABs (>48 h) with immediate ABs or no ABs for acute respiratory tract infections (sore throat, otitis media, or common cold) in patients of any age. 9 RCTs met the selection criteria and had quality scores ⩾6 out of 11 (high quality).


included clinical outcomes (pain, fever, malaise, or cough), AB use, and patient satisfaction.


Sore throat: delayed …

No Related Web Pages

Free Sample

This recent issue is free to all users to allow everyone the opportunity to see the full scope and typical content of EBN.
View free sample issue >>

EBN Journal Chat

The EBN Journal Chat offers readers the opportunity to participate in discussion about research articles and commentaries from Evidence Based Nursing (EBN).

How to participate >>

Don't forget to sign up for content alerts so you keep up to date with all the articles as they are published.

Navigate This Article