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Evid Based Nurs 11:45 doi:10.1136/ebn.11.2.45
  • Treatment

Self-report, medical staff interview, and physician interview had similar effectiveness for screening for domestic violence in women

P H Chen

Dr P H Chen, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey–New Jersey Medical School. Newark, NJ, USA; chenpi@umdnj.edu

QUESTION

What is the relative effectiveness of self-report, medical staff interview, and physician interview for screening for domestic violence (DV) in women?

METHODS

Design:

randomised controlled trial.

Allocation:

{concealed}.*

Blinding:

{unblinded}.*

Follow-up period:

end of healthcare visit.

Setting:

4 family practices {in the US}.*

Patients:

523 women ⩾18 years of age (mean age 36 y, 71% black) who were currently living with a partner.

Intervention:

self-report (n = 173), medical staff {included nurses and medical assistants}* interview (n = 169), or physician interview (n = 181) for administering 2 questionnaires to screen for DV: Woman Abuse Screening Tool (WAST)-Short and Hurt-Insult-Threaten-Scream (HITS). WAST-Short had 2 questions (“In general, how would you describe your relationship? A …

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