Article Text

PDF
Review: dietary interventions, with or without exercise, promote weight loss more than advice alone

Statistics from Altmetric.com

M J Franz

Ms M J Franz, Nutrition Concepts by Franz Inc, Minneapolis, MN, USA; [email protected]

QUESTION

What are the most effective interventions for weight loss in overweight and obese adults?

METHODS

Data sources:

PubMed (1997 to Sep 2004) and reference lists.

Study selection and assessment:

English-language, randomised controlled trials (RCTs) that evaluated weight loss interventions in overweight or obese adults and had ⩾1 year follow-up. 80 RCTs (n = 26 455, mean age 23–69 y, 0–100% men) met the selection criteria. At baseline, mean weight was 77–131 kg and mean body mass index was 29–43 kg/m2. The interventions included advice only (28 RCTs), exercise (6 RCTs), diet (51 RCTs), diet plus exercise (17 RCTs), meal replacements (7 RCTs), very-low-energy diet (11 RCTs), orlistat (13 RCTs), and sibutramine (7 RCTs). No RCT on …

View Full Text

Request permissions

If you wish to reuse any or all of this article please use the link below which will take you to the Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service. You will be able to get a quick price and instant permission to reuse the content in many different ways.