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Evid Based Nurs 11:24 doi:10.1136/ebn.11.1.24
  • Causation

Children who consumed sugar-sweetened beverages between meals ⩾4–6 times/week at 2.5–4.5 years of age were more likely to be overweight at 4.5 years of age

L Dubois

Correspondence to: Dr L Dubois, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada; lise.dubois@uottawa.ca

QUESTION

What is the relation between consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (carbonated or fruit-flavoured drinks) between meals and overweight in preschool children?

METHODS

Design:

population-based cohort study (Longitudinal Study of Child Development in Quebec [LSCDQ]).

Setting:

Quebec, Canada.

Patients:

1549 of a random sample of 2103 preschool children from the LSCDQ were included in the nutrition study.

Risk factors:

child’s regular consumption (⩾4–6 times/wk) of sugar-sweetened beverages (carbonated or fruit-flavoured drinks but not pure fruit juices) at 2.5−4.5 years of age, birth weight, and sex; maternal age, immigrant status, and education; family income sufficiency, annual gross income, and family type (1 or 2 parents); and parental obesity or overweight (body mass index [BMI] ⩾25 kg/m2).

Outcomes:

overweight at …

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