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Review: intensive behavioural counselling interventions are effective for smoking cessation in patients admitted to hospital

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N Rigotti

Correspondence to: Professor N Rigotti, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, USA; nrigotti@partners.org

QUESTION

What is the effectiveness of various interventions for smoking cessation in patients admitted to hospital?

METHODS

Data sources:

Medline, EMBASE/Excerpta Medica, PsycINFO, Cochrane Tobacco Addiction Group register (all to January 2007); CENTRAL (Issue 4, 2006); CINAHL (to August 2006); conference abstracts; bibliographies of relevant studies; and experts.

Study selection and assessment:

randomised controlled trials (RCTs) or quasi-RCTs comparing any behavioural, pharmacological, or multicomponent intervention (started in hospital) with control (included brief advice or usual care) for smoking cessation in patients admitted to hospital, who were current smokers, had quit >1 month before admission, or planned to quit after discharge. Studies of secondary prevention or cardiac rehabilitation in patients who were …

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