Evid Based Nurs 10:120 doi:10.1136/ebn.10.4.120
  • Causation

Review: soft drink consumption is associated with increased energy intake and body weight

 Q Is soft drink consumption associated with increased energy intake, increased body weight, displacement of nutrients, and an increased risk of chronic disease?


GraphicData sources:

Medline, PsycINFO, Web of Science database, bibliographies of identified articles, and authors of included articles.

GraphicStudy selection and assessment:

articles that assessed the relation between soft drink consumption and the 4 primary outcomes listed below. 88 articles (cross-sectional studies, longitudinal studies, and randomised controlled trials) were included in the analysis


main outcomes were energy intake, body weight, milk intake, and calcium intake. Secondary outcomes were nutrition and health. Effect sizes were calculated and interpreted as follows: ⩽0.10 was considered …

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