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Evid Based Nurs 10:120 doi:10.1136/ebn.10.4.120
  • Causation

Review: soft drink consumption is associated with increased energy intake and body weight


 
 Q Is soft drink consumption associated with increased energy intake, increased body weight, displacement of nutrients, and an increased risk of chronic disease?

METHODS

GraphicData sources:

Medline, PsycINFO, Web of Science database, bibliographies of identified articles, and authors of included articles.

GraphicStudy selection and assessment:

articles that assessed the relation between soft drink consumption and the 4 primary outcomes listed below. 88 articles (cross-sectional studies, longitudinal studies, and randomised controlled trials) were included in the analysis

GraphicOutcomes:

main outcomes were energy intake, body weight, milk intake, and calcium intake. Secondary outcomes were nutrition and health. Effect sizes were calculated and interpreted as follows: ⩽0.10 was considered …

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